Improving Students' Cognitive Aspect through Interaction in Cooperative Learning


  • Toto Sugiarto



Cognitive Aspect, Interaction, Cooperative Learning


This article converses an interaction in cooperative learning to improve students’ cognitive aspect. Cooperative learning uses small groups that consist of students who are pent up to work together and improve their studying each other. Therefore, it cannot be separated from the interaction. Jean Piaget, clarifies that when students work together, the conflict of socio – cognitive will appear and produce a cognitive disequilibrium. The cognitive disequilibrium will be able to improve students’ ability to think logically and speak. In addition, the teacher should organize the five essential components of cooperative learning explicitly to make it run well, such as positive independence, Face-to-Face Promotive Interaction, individual accountability, interpersonal and small group skills, and group process. Finally, the students can feel enjoyable learning in a group which influences their cognitive aspect. They also celebrate their success together.