FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS OF GROUNDING RESISTANCE FROM THE ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION NETWORK AT PT. PLN (PERSERO) ULP

  • Isnu Gita Kumara Universitas Peradaban
  • Rizki Noor Prasetyono Universitas Peradaban
Keywords: Grounding System, Grounding Resistance, Earth Tester, Ground potential

Abstract

The grounding system is direct protection against instrumentality and human. The grounding process is carried out using the principle of creating a path for the fault current to the ground and making the equipment have a potential that is close to the value of the ground potential. The supply of a grounding system should be supported by the grounding resistance worth needed by PUIL, which is below 5 Ohm. To maintain the value of grounding resistance, it is necessary to check each 6 months in step with the standards of PUIL. The grounding test was carried out using an earth tester. In the analysis of the 7 grounding points of the PT. PLN (Persero) ULP Bumiayu concluded that there are 4 grounding points that have met PUIL standards because the value of their grounding resistance is below 5 Ohm.  Meanwhile, the other 3 points haven't met PUIL standards because they are worth more than 5 Ohm

References

[1] Y. Ginting, P. Tamba, and U. D. Agung, “Sistem Pentanahan Pada Jaringan Distribusi Di Pt . Pln (Persero ),” vol. VIII, no. September, pp. 81–86, 2019.
[2] I. M. Suartika, “Sistem Pembumian (Grounding) Dua Batang Universitas Udayana Kampus Bukit Jimbaran - Bali,” vol. 14, p. 58, 2017.
[3] S. N. Indonesia and B. S. Nasional, “Persyaratan Umum Instalasi Listrik 2000 (PUIL 2000),” vol. 2000, no. Puil, 2000.
[4] S. Najib, J. Elektro, F. Teknik, and U. M. Surakarta, “ANALISIS PENGARUH DIAMETER DAN PANJANG ELEKTRODA,” 2012.
[5] Zainuri, Ahmad, et al. Grounding Instalasi Listrik Pasca Umur 15 Tahun Di Perumahan Taman Bukit Klepu. 2016. PhD Thesis. Universitas Negeri Semarang.
[6] M. Sidik, S. Setiawidayat, and M. Mukhsim, “Pengaruh Sistem Pentanahan Terhadap Arus Gangguan Tanah Pada Sistem Distribusi 20 kV,” vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 138–148, 2020.
[7] P. M. Rizki and D. E. Putra, “Pentanahan Arrester Terhadap Kinerja Resistansi Pentanahan Transformator Distribusi 250 Kva Gardu BA 005 di PT. PLN (PERSERO UP3 BENGKULU,” vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 48–59, 2020.
[8] Dermawan, Arief; Juningtyastuti, Juningtyastuti; SYAKUR, Abdul. Analisis Perbandingan Nilai Tahanan Pentanahan Yang Ditanam Di Tanah dan Di Septictank Pada Perumahan. 2011. PhD Thesis. Jurusan Teknik Elektro Fakultas Teknik Undip.
[9] J. Simamora, Y. Martin, and H. Gusmedi, “Pengaruh Penambahan Asam Sulfat ( H2SO4 ) pada Bentonit untuk Penurunan Nilai Tahanan Pentanahan,” vol. 10, no. 1, 2016.
[10] I. W. Sudiartha, I. K. Ta, and I. G. N. Sangka, “Analisis Pengaruh Jenis Tanah Terhadap Besarnya Nilai Tahanan Pentanahan,” Logic, vol. 16, no.1, pp. 35–39, 2016.
[11] Musyahar, G. Perbaikan Sistem Pentanahan Peralatan Pada Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Mikro Hidro (Pltmh) Jenis Tanah Kerikil Kering. Cahaya Bagaskara: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Elektronika, 1(1), 11-17. 2017.
[12] Kurniawati, Z., & Soebiantoro, R.. Kajian Grounding System Jaringan Listrik Tegangan Rendah Di Sekolah Tinggi Penerbangan Indonesia. Langit Biru: Jurnal Ilmiah Aviasi, 11(1), 9-18. 2018.
[13] O. Jamaaluddin, I. Anshory, and E. Agus, “Penentuan Kedalaman Elektroda pada Tanah Pasir dan Kerikil Kering Untuk Memperoleh Nilai Tahanan Pentanahan yang Baik ( Depth Determination of Electrode at Sand and Gravel Dry for Get The Good Of Earth Resistance ),” vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2015.
[14] Z. Abidin, “Karakteristik Batang Pentanahan Sistem Arang-Garam ( SIGARANG ) Sebagai Upaya Perbaikan Sistem Pentanahan,” vol. 4, no. April, pp. 11–16, 2017.
[15] Jamaaluddin, J., & Sumarno, S.. Perencanaan Sistem Pentanahan Tenaga Listrik Terintegrasi Pada Bangunan. Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering UMSIDA,” vol. 1, no. 1, 2017.
[16] Dewi, Y. S., & Rijanto, T. Pengaruh Limbah Batubara (Fly Ash) Sebagai Soil Treatment Pada Sistem Pentanahan Elektroda Batang. Jurnal teknik elektro, 9(2). 2020.
[17] Nurdiana, Nita, and Alimin Nurdin. "Pengaruh Kedalaman terhadap Tahanan Pentanahan di Area Rusunawa Kampus Universitas PGRI Palembang." Jurnal Ampere 4.2 (2020): 327-332.
[18] Corio, Dean. "Pentanahan Menggunakan Elektroda Batang dan Elektroda Mesh dengan Penambahan Bentonit dan Garam Murni (NaCl), Studi Kasus; ITERA." Electrician 13.3 (2019): 75-80..
[19] Ilyas, Ilyas, and Yessi Marniati. "Analisa Perbandingan Konfigurasi Vertikal dengan Bujur Sangkar Elektroda Pentanahan Menggunakan Matlab." Jurnal Teknik Elektro 6.1 (2017): 107-111.
[20] Sudaryanto, Sudaryanto. "Analisis Perbandingan Nilai Tahanan Pembumian Pada Tanah Basah, Tanah Berpasir dan Tanah Ladang." JET (Journal of Electrical Technology) 1.1 (2016): 71-75.
[21] Alawiy, M. T., & UNISMA, D. T. E. (2013). Pengaruh Kedalaman Penanaman dan Jarak Elektroda Tambahan Terhadap Nilai Tahanan Pembumian. Science Electro, 34.
Published
2021-10-04
How to Cite
[1]
I. Kumara and R. Prasetyono, “FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS OF GROUNDING RESISTANCE FROM THE ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION NETWORK AT PT. PLN (PERSERO) ULP”, Journal of Electronic and Electrical Power Applications, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 15-21, Oct. 2021.