Jurnal Sosial Politik Peradaban (JSPP) 2023-01-24T10:19:03+08:00 Agung Triyatno, S.Sos,. M. Si Open Journal Systems <p><em>Jurnal Sosial Politik Peradaban Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Peradaban merupakan wadah kepenulisan ilmiah akademisi baik berasal dari civitas akademis Universitas Peradaban sendiri maupun akademisi secara umum. Menampung hasil penelitian, kajian pemikiran, resensi buku serta bentuk penulisan ilmiah lainnya dari rumpun ilmu sosial humaniora terkhusus Ilmu Hubungan Internasional dan Ilmu Komunikasi.</em></p> The Fourth Generation War on Terrorism: Asymmetrical Warfare With Jihad Ideology and Counter-Terrorism 2023-01-24T09:51:26+08:00 Endro Tri Susdarwono <p>In recent years there has been an increase in the frequency of jihadist <br />attacks, but a decrease in the sophistication of their preparation and<br />execution. Jihadist attacks however, cause more deaths and casualties than<br />any other terrorist attacks. The West’s experience in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria,<br />Libya and Yemen are important lessons of what can and cannot be done to<br />fight extremism and terrorism, especially in the context of the rise of<br />asymmetrical warfare in the modern era. Indonesia is facing similar questions<br />and challenges with respect to terrorism, from understanding the reasons and<br />mechanisms that drive radicalization, in particular among our youth, to the<br />need to respond the challenges of Foreign Terrorists Fighters, radicalization<br />in prisons as well as monitoring released suspects and convicts, putting in<br />place policies that buttress prevention, deradicalization and law enforcement<br />in full respect oh human rights. History the births of jihad violent ideology in<br />line with the establishment of Indonesia Islamic State by Sekarmadji Maridjan<br />Kartosoewirjo in 1949. Kartoesoewirjo did an armed resistance with his troops.<br />The war was called Sabil War, whose word originated from the word fisabillilah<br />which means on path of Allah. Sabil War is a holy war and it is also called<br />jihad war. Jihad is defined as a war and it is the obligation of every Moslem<br />(fardlu ain). When one dies in jihad war they die syahid fiisabilillah, and the<br />reward is heaven.</p> <p>Keywords: asymmetrical warfare; jihad ideology; the root of Islamic<br />radicalism.</p> 2022-12-20T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Sosial Politik Peradaban (JSPP) STRATEGI PERDAGANGAN INDONESIA DALAM UPAYA MEMPERTAHANKAN EKSPOR KE TIONGKOK DI AWAL MASA PANDEMI COVID-19 TAHUN 2020 2023-01-24T09:59:20+08:00 Nofa Indri Listasari Sigid Widyantoro <p>Coronavirus Diseasea 2019 (COVID-19) which first appeared in Hubei<br />Province, Wuhan, China and spread troughout the world to Indonesia in early<br />2020. The spread of this virus has an impact on various international activities,<br />one of which is disrupted trade activities. The impact of this virus has<br />decreased Indonesia’s trade with China, especially in Indonesia’s esports to</p> <p>China. Indonesia in maintaining exports to China at the beginning of the 2020<br />COVID-19 pandemic. This research conducted has a qualitative, use method<br />a descriptive analysis approach and with secondary data collection techniques<br />obtained through literature study, like books, journal articles, research papers,<br />working papers, online official data bases or archives or online news.<br />The research as the concept of national interest, conception Sun Tzu<br />strategy and concept politics of international cooperation. By analyzes with<br />these this concept, found that Indonesia government tread strategy could be<br />explan using one of Sun Tzu strategy. The tactics used in the strategy was<br />optimalizing, momentum effectiveness, and resource efficiency.</p> <p>Keywords: COVID-19, Indonesia, Exports, China, Sun Tzu.</p> 2022-12-20T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Sosial Politik Peradaban (JSPP) STRATEGI KOREA TOURISM ORGANIZATION (KTO) DALAM MEMPROMOSIKAN ‘WISATA HALAL’ DI KOREA SELATAN 2023-01-24T10:06:15+08:00 Ulfah Azizah Mochammad Fathoni <p>The study discussed strategy analysis of the Korea Tourism<br />Organization (KTO) in promoting halal tourism in South Korea. This study<br />aimed to find out what strategies were carried out by the KTO, and what efforts<br />ware made to increase the number of muslim tourist visiting South Korea. This<br />study used a qualitative method with a descriptive analysis approach and<br />secondary data collection obtained through literature research from books,<br />journal articles, magazines, official data archives and online news. This study<br />also used the pro-growth development theory of the flying geese model and<br />the teory of 4P strategy (product, place, promotion, price). The results of halal<br />tourism, the number of muslim tourist visits to South Korea increased.</p> <p>Keywords : South Korea, Korea Tourism Organization, Halal Tourism, Flying<br />Geese, 4P</p> 2022-12-20T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Sosial Politik Peradaban (JSPP) KETERLIBATAN UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES (UNHCR) DAN SEKURITISASI ISU KEMANUSIAAN PENGUNGSI SURIAH DI TURKI TAHUN 2015 2023-01-24T10:13:41+08:00 Nur Senja Hidayatul Mufidha Rifqi Its’naini Yusuf <p>The Syrian conflict occurred due to the impact of the Arab Spring which captured the world's attention and made its people decide to migrate to neighboring countries such as Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan and others to seek protection and a sense of security. Turkey was the country with the most refugees in 2015 reaching 2.5 million people. This study uses a qualitative method with secondary data sources and uses a literature study technique with the scope 2015. The purpose of this study was to determine the involvement of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the securitization of the humanitarian issue of Syrian refugees in Turkey in 2015. The results of this study indicate that the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) as an international organization under the United Nations that handles international refugees has entered to deal with the crisis that occurred in Turkey and has been involved in the securitization of humanitarian issues that occurred to Syrian refugees in Turkey in 2015. UNHCR in its efforts to handle Syrian refugees in Turkey includes resolving issues of education, health, and housing.&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: Securitization, Refugees, Syria, Turkey, UNHCR.</p> 2022-12-20T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Sosial Politik Peradaban (JSPP) ANALISIS TEORI POLITIK HIJAU TERHADAP PENERAPAN TUJUAN PEMBANGUNAN BERKELANJUTAN (TPB) KEHIDUPAN DARATAN DI INDONESIA 2023-01-24T10:19:03+08:00 Sinfan Najia Agung Triyatno <p>Maraknya kebakaran hutan dan lahan (Karhutla) di Indonesia <br>menjadikan julukan paru-paru dunia perlahan pudar. Kasus kebakaran hutan<br>dan lahan rentang waktu 2016-2019 mengalami kenaikan dan penurunan,<br>puncaknya pada tahun 2019 Karhutla Indonesia mencapai angka<br>1.649.258,00 hektar. Usaha yang dilakukan dalam mengatasi kebakaran<br>hutan dan lahan di Indonesia memiliki kaitan erat dengan penerapan SDGs<br>Life on Land di mana berfokus pada perlindungan wilayah darat. Tujuan<br>penelitian ini ialah mengetahui mengapa Green Politics Theory Eckersley<br>mengamati penerapan Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Life on Land<br>di Indonesia dengan studi kasus kebakaran hutan dan lahan 2016-2019.<br>Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder yaitu jumlah kebakaran hutan dan<br>lahan di Indonesia, dokumen Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), analisis<br>dan pendataan sesuai Perpres No 59 Tahun 2017 tentang Sustainable<br>Development Goals, serta sumber-sumber lain seperti dokumen, buku,<br>internet, dan situs web. Selain itu, penelitian ini menggunakan Green Politics<br>Theory Eckersley untuk mendeskripsikan objek yang diteliti. Berdasarkan<br>analisis dengan menggunakan teori tersebut, rentang waktu 2016-2019<br>Pemerintah Indonesia menekankan pada aspek pembangunan ekonomi,<br>manusia yang mampu dijadikan fondasi untuk tujuan jangka panjang, dan<br>untuk perlindungan lingkungan menuju Indonesia yang lebih baik.</p> <p>Keywords: Indonesia, Kebakaran hutan dan lahan (Karhutla), Sustainable<br>Development Goals (SDGs), Green Politics Theory.</p> 2022-12-20T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Sosial Politik Peradaban (JSPP)